Lubana History and today


According to British records 33% of the Labana were baptised Sikhs and were found primarily in the Lahore, Gujranwala, and Sialkot areas. The Labanas (along with many other groups) saw the highest conversions into Sikhism during 1881 1891.

According to George Armand Furse, “The Jut and Lobana castes of Sikhs possess in a high degree the useful knowledge of the lading and care of beasts of burden”.


The name Laban may refer to the transport of salt. “The term Labana appears to be derived out from loon (salt) and bana means trade, and the lubana, Lobana or libana was doubtless the great salt-carrying and salt trading caste”.

Acc. to Gurmat Parkash, Magazine by SGPC, Lobana also means who wear Iron Dress, i.e dress of Military person. They mentioned Lobana were Military persons who served in Guru’s army.

These are also called Bahrupia, on account of their versatility in adopting many professions.

Labanki, the dialect of Labanas, is a mixture of Marwari, Saraiki, Gujarati, and Marathi.

Baba Makhan shah lubana
Baba Makhan shah lubana

Role in Sikh History

After Guru Harkrishan, the eighth Guru of Sikhism, died in 1664, there was confusion about the identification of his successor. According to Sikh legends, Makhan Shah, a great merchant of the Labana tribe, identified Guru Teg Bahadur as the successor of Guru Harkrishan. Makhan Shah was very helpful to Guru Teg Bahadur during his pontificate. The Labanas participated in battles fought by the tenth Guru.

During the Misl period , the Labanas joined the services of various “Misldars”.

During the eighteenth century the Labanas began to follow a settled way of life. The Labanas of Lower Indus, Gujranwala and Jhang, settled as cultivators during Sikh rule.

Wherever the Labanas settled they named their villages as Tandas. Tanda in Labanki dialect means a travelling body encampment. In Kangra district, the Lobanas had four hamlets, each called Tanda. By the mid-nineteenth century, the Lobanas at some places owned not only parts of villages, but also entire villages and even groups of villages. They were chiefly found in the Punjab during the Sikh rule.

Labanas were listed as a martial race by the British.

Labanas are said to have nomadic roots but are not related to the Lambada or Labada tribe of Andhra. There are some who believe that they are of the same stock as the Gypsies or Roma people of Europe. Labanas have been linked with Gypsies from Turkey.

Labanas today

Today Labana is a landholding-rich community of Punjab. A large number of Labanas are settled abroad in western countries. The people are hard-working and uplifted the community again to its pride, which was in crisis during the early years of partition. Most Sikh Labanas are of western Punjab origin (now in Pakistan) and are called Panahi, while a smaller ratio are of East Punjab origin and are called Jaddi.


Special note: This site is not intend to promote cast system and is made to provide history and where up to Lubana community is. All your discussion based comments are welcomed and vulgar language or disrespect of other communities, faith and religion is not allowed.



152 thoughts on “Lubana History and today”

  1. It is very important to understand your lineage for genes pass down to many many generations. It is equally hearting to know that Lubanas were from lineage of great traders who had exceptional business acumen, dedicated Sikhs who always remain in sharan of the Great Sikh Gurus, were great warriors and remained in the fore front for any type of sacrifice and also remained in the service of the Gurus throughout the course of the history. There were many lubana Sikhs in the army of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Many of them were on coveted positions like generals. During reign of Maharajah Ranjit Singh they were allotted agricultural land and since then they took to farming particularly in Gujranwala Sialkot districts of undivided Punjab. After partition in 1947 many lubana families suffered a lot when they had to leave every of their possessions in Pakistan and move to divided India and divided Punjab. Many suffered in financially because land they got in exchange was much less and was of lower fertility. Sant Prem Singh wanted to help lubana community which had suffered huge losses by getting it included in OBC. I know many people criticise his great effort. You take a stock of current situation in the country many castes including jatts in Haryana Rajasthan and many other states are holding agitations to get OBC status. That again shows great long term vision of our ancestors. It is not much important whether we want to remain OBC or not as most of the lubanas have regained their past glory of Baba Makhan Shah era. Strategically I don’t find any problem if some of our brethren who were not able to make by now take advantage of it and reach to higher level of prosperity. Waheguru ji da Khalsa Waheguru ji di Fateh.

  2. I am Dr. Amanpreet Singh Lubana. I am an ophthalmologist (eye specialist). I am from hoshiarpur city. I feel proud to be a part of this wonderful community.

  3. Hanji sarya nu ssa kal mai begowal toh asi lubane ha par loki sanu bahooot bure samajh de han ena nu eh ni pta ki asi hi sabto riches couminity ha

  4. I am a rtd.pb.govt.officer.Presently lives in Amritsar.I am proud to be a LUBANA.

  5. Hi, I am Balwinderjeet Singh and proud to belong to such a Wondeful community.Rest, Good bad people are all around.One just needs to be good, and u don’t have to prove it.
    Waheguru Ji Ka Khalsa Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh.

  6. Hi I am a lubana from the nanded district of the Maharashtra India and my name is Ramesh lakhanlal Sable and very much eager to learn more about the lubana community or the clans of the caste irrespective of the religion they’re

  7. Hi I am a lubana from nanded Maharashtra India and my name is Ramesh lakhanlal Sable and very much eager to learn more about the lubana community irrespective of the religion they’re

  8. I am karnail singh munder, a lubana Sikh,at present in UK.
    Our ancestors were from TANDA ,Distt GUJRAT,PAKISTAN who later shifted to MIANI in HOSHIARPUR in 1947.

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